world is in the rapid pace of development with villages turning into towns,
towns into cities, and cities into developmental capitals every hour. Massive
concrete structures, architectural marvels, high-rise buildings, steel
skyscrapers, and physical infrastructures are being constructed in every nook
and corner of the world which has resulted in drastic impacts on our
surroundings and the environment as a whole. While we seem to be completely
engrossed in this ever-growing urbanization and modernization, it’s high time
that we reflect upon alternative sustainable architectural design concepts,
construction techniques, and construction materials. One such material that can
aid in the development of the era of sustainable architectural design and
structures in the future is bamboo.
is a locally sourced composite material that essentially comprises of woody
grass. It is one of the fastest-growing plants in the world. Bamboo has been
used for the construction of different architectural houses, structures, and
monuments particularly in Asian countries such as Vietnam, China, and Indonesia
since ancient times.
is extremely desirable for sustainable architectural design and construction as
it is highly durable and environmentally compatible with high sustainable
qualities. With a very high strength to weight ratio, bamboo can be a suitable
improved alternative to conventional concrete and steel.
makes bamboo the utmost fit for sustainable architectural design and building
is the perfect blend and combination of properties it possesses i.e.
considerable tensile strength, lightweight, fast-growing rate, and inevitable
renewable nature. Bamboo offers great flexibility and ease in handling and is
thus suitable for the construction of sustainable structures even in less
accessible and difficult areas. Moreover, bamboo ensures the economical design
of structures as it is available locally.
one hand, bamboo fosters and enhances the technique of sustainable design and
construction while on the other hand cultivation of bamboo in low-income areas
can help to uplift the living condition of the economically backward
communities. Incorporating, exquisite bamboo designs in architectural
constructions can also attract a flock of tourists thereby boosting the tourism
sector as well.
in Architectural Design and Construction
architectural and associated construction industry is advancing and growing
every day and profoundly impacting almost every other industry around the world
including the environmental aspects of the Earth. According to statistical
reports, the construction industry produces about one-third of the total wastes
produced around the globe. Likewise, it also contributes 11% of the greenhouse
gas emissions in the world (European Commission (DG ENV), 2011).
consumption of natural resources especially renewable resources for this
industry is at its peak which can result in a serious resource crisis in the
future. Hence, it is of utmost necessary to shift to more sustainable design
and construction practices. To incorporate sustainability in actual practice,
it is essential to address the major environmental issues such as waste
management, utilization of natural resources, water resources consumption, and
management, pollution, etc.
construction can be ensured only if sustainability is included right from the
design phase to the construction and handover phase of the structure.
as the sustainable design and structure material
is a renewable natural material that can be utilized for sustainable building
design and construction. Due to its replenishing nature, bamboo can be used as
a renewable alternative to other non-renewable materials. Bamboo helps to
digest the carbon dioxide present in the air thereby reducing the carbon
content. Thus, bamboo helps to cleanse the greenhouse gases in the air, and
utilizing it as a construction material can help to minimize the emission of
Figure 1: Bamboo Biomass (Photo By Erika on Unsplash)
is one of the green plants that play a significant role in maintaining the
balance in temperature and preventing the global temperature rise. Every year
tons of concrete are produced for the construction industry. The commercial
production of concrete directly triggers climate change. Bamboo can be a
suitable greener alternative to concrete as it does not boost climate change
instead helps to maintain the climatic condition.
bamboo as the chief material in structural designs can reduce the adverse
impact of construction activities on the environment to a great extent. Sustainability
experts from around the world have accepted bamboo as one of the most
eco-friendly building material on the planet.
Architectural Design using bamboo
can be efficiently used as a sustainable material for various types of
architectural designs. Bamboo can be carved, molded, and arranged into any
desirable form due to its lightweight for producing eye-catching aesthetically
from this, bamboo is also being used for low-cost housing and contemporary
housing architectural techniques. This is mainly because of the natural
eco-friendly and economic benefits offered by bamboo. Realizing the importance
of sustainable designs, many Architects are opting for bamboo architecture
rather than the conventional ones in recent times.
to the newsletter published by the International Bamboo and Rattan Organization
(INBAR) on 16th April 2019, the Bamboo Eye Pavilion designed by
Mauricio Cardenas Laverde is the largest Pavilion ever built in China
(International Bamboo and Rattan Organization, 2020). The pavilion encompasses
a 1600 square meter structure that is solely built using 5000 bamboo poles.
basic purpose behind the construction of such a massive bamboo pavilion was to
depict the aesthetic characteristic of bamboo and its scope in architectural
designs as well as to promote the concept of “live green, live better”.
for sustainable and Green Construction Material
use of bamboo in the construction sector not only ensures sustainability but
also offers long term durability. Bamboo can be used as an environmentally
friendly alternative to man-made building materials thereby causing minimal
disturbance to the existing environmental balance of the planet. With high
strength and durability, bamboo is no less than the modern-day concrete used
excessively as the major construction material.
bamboo is a good option for use in the construction industry even in terms of
rigidity and density. Hence, bamboo can be used as a green construction
material for the construction of small houses to large suspension bridges. Countries
like India and China are utilizing bamboo to construct schools, houses, roads,
and bridges. Moreover, the use of bamboo in construction ensures low-carbon and
greener construction of structures.
use of bamboo in the design and construction industry can pave the way for
sustainable architectural design and construction practice in the mere future.
The existing environmental issues and global crisis on account of the
development and construction activities is increasing at an alarming rate.
Opting for greener sustainable materials such as bamboo is a must to curb such
crises and issues.
Summing up, bamboo is one of the most
versatile, promising, and eco-friendly construction materials, and indeed the
future of sustainable architectural design and construction largely depends on
the production and utilization of bamboo.