In light of the energy transition, electrochemical CO2 reduction (CO2R) has commonly been postulated as a favorable strategy for renewable energy storage and electrification of the chemical industry.
However, for an effective impact of CO2R, large-scale implementation of this technology is required. The majority of research in this field has focused on fundamental and mechanistic understanding of the CO2R reaction and on the development of highly active and selective catalytic materials.
Herein, we review the current status of the technology and discuss very recent developments and remaining challenges from an industrial perspective. We underscore the importance of system-level investigation and optimization of CO2R aimed at industrialization of the technology.