Supplying clean water to fulfill human requirements is one of this century’s priorities. Global water resources are barely aligned with the rising demand, which is further aggravated by rising population, climate change and water quality problems. Consequently, there is a persistent need for innovative technologies to valorize unconventional water resources such as domestic wastewater.
Graphene holds promising prospects in developing domestic wastewater treatment to qualitatively enhance treatment efficiency and quantitatively increase water supply. This review highlights the existing wastewater treatment processes along with their challenges according to South Australian wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) which are representative of many modern WWTPs.
The discussion will also cover the current and potential applications of graphene for domestic wastewater treatment, as well as obstacles and research priorities required for commercialization.